Accounts Of The Financial Performance

Accounts Of The Financial Performance

Understanding Income Statement

It is one of the financial statement that accounts for the firm’s performance with respect to finance. The performance is recorded over a specified period of accounting. The assessment of the financial performance is provided in the form of a summary of how the revenue of the business is sustained by it and how it sustains the expenditures through activities that are operating as well as non-operating. There is a net profit or loss that the company has sustained also shown in the statement. The profits and losses that have occurred over a specified accounting period.

The income statement is also known by two other names:

  • Statement of revenue and expense
  • Profit and loss statement

In the annual report and the 10-K that consists of financial statements, the income statement is one of the three main financial statements. The Securities and Exchange Commission and investor public makes are compulsory that all the public firms should be submitting the above-mentioned legal documents. The balance sheet and the statement of cash flows are the other two types of financial statements. All the conditions of the firm’s financial affairs information are provided by all the three financial statements to the investors. However, the income statement is the one among three that will provide the summary of the sales and net income of the company.

Dissimilar to the balance sheet where a particular moment in time is covered, the information regarding a defined time about the performance is offered by income statement. This defined time is usually

  • Monthly
  • Quarterly
  • Yearly
  • Different variations that are present

The income statement starts with the sales of the company and works its way towards the net earnings and earnings per share of the company. The income statement consists of two sections: operating and non-operating. In the income statement, the operating part reveals the information regarding the revenues and expenditures which are the direct result got from the operations performed by the business on a regular basis. An example would be of a business that produces equipment for the fitness, therefore it should generate money in the sales and production of the fitness equipment. On the other hand, a non-operating part of the income statement will reveal the revenue and expenditure information regarding the activities that are not tied to the operations performed by the firm on a regular basis directly. Taking the same example to explain this: If the fitness company is selling real estate and investment assets, the gain got from this sale is enlisted in the non-operating section.